Chronology Of Jesus
A chronology of Jesus aims to establish a timeline for the historical events of the life of Jesus. Scholars have correlated Jewish and Greco-Roman documents and astronomical calendars with the New Testament accounts to estimate dates for the major events in Jesus’ life.
Two methods have been used to estimate the year of the birth of Jesus: one based on the accounts of his birth in the gospels with reference to King Herod’s reign, and the other by working backwards from his stated age of “about 30 years” when he began preaching.
Most scholars, on this basis, assume a date of birth between 6 and 4 BC with Saturday April 17, 6 BC / 17.4.748 AUC / 29 Nisan 3755 HC being the most likely candidate.
Three details have been used to estimate the year when Jesus began preaching: a mention of his age of “about 30 years” during “the fifteenth year” in the reign of Tiberius Caesar, another relating to the date of the building of the Temple in Jerusalem, and yet another concerning the death of John the Baptist.
Hence, scholars estimate that Jesus began preaching, and gathering followers, around AD 27-29. According to the three synoptic gospels Jesus continued preaching for at least one year, and according to John the Evangelist for three years.
Four main approaches have been used to estimate the date of the crucifixion of Jesus. One uses non-Christian sources such as Josephus and Tacitus. Another works backwards from the historically well established trial of Apostle Paul in Achaea to estimate the date of Paul’s conversion. Both approaches result in AD 36 as an upper bound to the crucifixion. Thus, scholars generally agree that Jesus was crucified between AD 30 and AD 36. Astronomical point estimates developed by Newton focus on the 1st Day of Passover Friday April 3, 33 AD or Friday April 7, 30 AD / 7.4.783 AUC / 14 Nisan 3790 HC